Wednesday, February 22, 2023

Urban vs. Rural Heart Disease Death Rates in the Mid-Eastern U.S.

In the Mid-Eastern U.S., a region that includes five states and the District of Columbia, heart disease accounted for nearly 117,400 deaths in 2020.  Relative to population size, at 240.7 deaths per 100,000 population, the heart disease death rate in the region was 13.8% above the national average.  This, in fact, gave the Mid-Eastern region the second-worst regional heart disease death rate in the U.S. in 2020.  In a pattern seen throughout the U.S., in the Mid-Eastern region, there was a disparity between heart disease death rates in urban and rural populations, with death rates in larger metro areas being lower than in smaller communities and rural areas.  A closer examination of data from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), a unit of the CDC, yields the following about urban vs. rural heart disease death rates in the Mid-Eastern U.S.:

Urban vs. Rural Heart Disease Death Rates in the Mid-Eastern U.S.

Urban vs. Rural Heart Disease Death Rates in the Mid-Eastern U.S.

County Classification Deaths Population Death Rate*
Large Central Metro 39,124 16,027,707 244.1
Large Fringe Metro 45,860 20,382,556 225.0
Medium Metro 16,775 6,793,188 246.9
Small Metro 6,939 2,615,582 265.3
Micropolitan (Nonmetro) 6,114 2,074,663 294.7
NonCore (Nonmetro) 2,559 864,132 296.1
     Region 117,371 48,757,828 240.7
Nationally 696,962 329,484,123 211.5

(*) number of heart disease deaths per 100,000 population

Report Period: 2020

States in region:  Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania (plus the District of Columbia)

See the 2013 NCHS Urban-Rural Classification Scheme for additional information on population categories, including a map of which U.S. counties fall in which categories.

Source: CDC Wonder. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Underlying Cause of Death 1999-2020 on CDC WONDER Online Database, released in 2021. Data are from the Multiple Cause of Death Files, 1999-2020, as compiled from data provided by the 57 vital statistics jurisdictions through the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program. Accessed on February 15, 2023

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