Tuesday, February 14, 2023

Urban vs. Rural Heart Disease Death Rates in the Great Lakes Region

In the five-state Great Lakes region, heart disease accounted for nearly 113,000 deaths in 2020.  Relative to population size, at 241.2 deaths per 100,000 population, the heart disease death rate in the region was 14% worse than the national average.  This, in fact, gave the Great Lakes region the highest regional heart disease death rate in the U.S. in 2020.  As seen elsewhere in the U.S., in the Great Lakes region there was a wide gap in heart disease death rates between urban and rural populations, with death rates in larger metro areas being lower than in smaller communities and rural areas.  A closer review of data from the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) yields the following details about urban vs. rural heart disease death rates in the Great Lakes region:

Urban vs. Rural Heart Disease Death Rates in the Great Lakes Region

Urban vs. Rural Heart Disease Death Rates in the Great Lakes Region

County Classification Deaths Population Death Rate*
Large Central Metro 29,928 12,789,306 234.0
Large Fringe Metro 26,942 12,712,841 211.9
Medium Metro 18,630 7,561,867 246.4
Small Metro 13,024 5,248,208 248.2
Micropolitan (Nonmetro) 15,869 5,651,494 280.8
NonCore (Nonmetro) 8,551 2,871,194 297.8
     Region 112,944 46,834,910 241.2
Nationally 696,962 329,484,123 211.5

(*) number of heart disease deaths per 100,000 population

Report Period: 2020

States in region:  Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin

See the 2013 NCHS Urban-Rural Classification Scheme for additional information on population categories, including a map of which U.S. counties fall in which categories.

Source: CDC Wonder. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Underlying Cause of Death 1999-2020 on CDC WONDER Online Database, released in 2021. Data are from the Multiple Cause of Death Files, 1999-2020, as compiled from data provided by the 57 vital statistics jurisdictions through the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program. Accessed on February 11, 2023

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