Wednesday, January 19, 2022

The MidEast Region's Primary Care Shortage

A geographic area, population group, or facility where residents have substandard access to basic medical care due to a lack of primary care physicians can be designated a primary care HPSA (health professional shortage area) by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA).  As of December 31, 2021, more than 86.4 million Americans lived in primary care HPSAs as designated by the HRSA.  More than 7.2 million residents of the MidEast region, which includes the District of Columbia and five states, lived in a primary care HPSA.  The MidEast region thus accounted for just over 8.3% of the U.S. population who lived in primary care shortage areas.  The HRSA estimates that to eliminate the region's primary care shortage, MidEast HPSAs would need more than 1,500 additional primary care physicians.  A closer examination of 12/31/21 HRSA data reveals the following about the MidEast region's primary care shortage:

The MidEast Region's Primary Care Shortage

The MidEast Region's Primary Care Shortage

State (1) HPSAs (2) Population (3) Shortage
DC 15 258,715 26
DE 11 249,418 74
MD 52 1,137,136 204
NJ 36 29,701 23
NY 179 5,022,567 1,096
PA 146 509,228 106
Region 439 7,206,765 1,529
U.S. 7,613 86,473,101 15,184

(1) Designated Geographic, Population Group and Facility HPSAs with a primary care shortage
(2) Population of designated HPSAs
(3) Primary Care practitioners needed to remove HPSA Designation

Source:  Designated HPSA Quarterly Summary, 12/31/21 (HRSA)

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