Saturday, April 22, 2023

The MidEast Region's Primary Care Shortage

A geographic area, population group, or facility where residents have substandard access to basic medical care due to a lack of primary care physicians can be designated a primary care HPSA (health professional shortage area) by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA).  As of December 31, 2022, more than 98.5 million Americans lived in primary care HPSAs as designated by the HRSA.  More than 9.6 million residents of the MidEast region of the U.S., which includes the District of Columbia and five states, lived in a primary care HPSA.  The MidEast region thus accounted for just about 9.7% of the U.S. population who lived in primary care shortage areas.  The HRSA estimates that to eliminate the region's primary care shortage, MidEast HPSAs would need more than 2,000 additional primary care physicians.  A closer examination of 12/31/22 HRSA data reveals the following about the MidEast region's primary care shortage:

The MidEast Region's Primary Care Shortage

The MidEast Region's Primary Care Shortage

State (1) HPSAs (2) Population (3) Shortage
DC 19 545,480 122
DE 11 253,696 75
MD 76 1,748,349 354
NJ 38 29,048 21
NY 194 6,449,663 1,348
PA 153 580,050 109
Region 491 9,606,286 2,029
U.S. 8,294 98,537,257 17,065
% of U.S. 5.9% 9.7% 11.9%

(1) Designated Geographic, Population Group, and Facility HPSAs with a primary care shortage
(2) Population of designated HPSAs
(3) Primary Care practitioners needed to remove HPSA Designation

Source:  Designated HPSA Quarterly Summary, 12/31/22 (HRSA)

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