Sunday, April 2, 2023

The Great Lakes Region's Primary Care Shortage

As designated by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), a primary care health professional shortage area (HPSA) is a geographic area, population group, or facility that has poor access to primary care services because it lacks a sufficient number of primary care providers, including Doctors of Medicine (MD) or Doctors of Osteopathy (DO) who provide services as general or family practitioners, general internal medicine physicians, pediatricians, obstetricians, and gynecologists.  As of December 31, 2022, primary care HPSAs in the five-state Great Lakes region accounted for just over 13.8% of the U.S. population who lived in primary care shortage areas, and about 11.9% of the nation's overall shortage of primary care providers.  To eliminate the shortage, the HRSA estimated that Great Lakes region HPSAs would need 2,028 additional primary care providers.  A further study of HRSA data reveals the following about the Great Lakes region's primary care shortage:

The Great Lakes Region's Primary Care Shortage

The Great Lakes Region's Primary Care Shortage

State (1) HPSAs (2) Population (3) Shortage
IL 273 3,600,042 578
IN 138 2,454,000 244
MI 285 3,565,754 583
OH 186 2,387,038 408
WI 185 1,609,622 215
Region 1,067 13,616,456 2,028
U.S. 8,294 98,537,257 17,065

(1) Designated Geographic, Population Group, and Facility HPSAs with a primary care shortage
(2) Population of designated HPSAs
(3) Primary Care practitioners needed to remove HPSA Designation

Source:  Designated HPSA Quarterly Summary, 12/31/22 (HRSA)

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